• Chapter 25: Consumer LawChapter 25: Consumer Law

    Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Created by Congress through Federal Trade Commission Act (FTCA) of 1914 Purpose of FTCA: Prevent fraud, deception, and unfair business practices Purpose of FTC: Enforce provisions of FTCA FTC methods to protect consumers: -Consumer Education -Legal Action

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  • Chapter 24: Employment and Discrimination LawChapter 24: Employment and Discrimination Law

    “Employment-At-Will” Means that any employee not employed under a contract/collective bargaining agreement may quit for any reason/no reason at all, with no required notice to employer Also means employer may fire employee at any time, with no notice, for almost any reason

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  • Chapter 23: Securities RegulationChapter 23: Securities Regulation

    Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Created in 1934 to: Enforce securities laws Interpret provisions of securities acts Regulate the activities of securities brokers, dealers, and advisers Regulate the trade of securities on securities exchanges

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  • Chapter 22: Corporations: Formation and OrganizationChapter 22: Corporations: Formation and Organization

    Corporate Powers Corporations have both “express” and “implied” powers -Express Powers: Perpetual existence; right to litigate; right to make contracts; right to borrow/loan money; right to make charitable donations; ability to establish rules for managing corporation -Implied Powers: Whatever actions necessary (within the law) to execute expre...

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  • Chapter 21: PartnershipsChapter 21: Partnerships

    Characteristics of Partnership Voluntary and consensual relationship Between two or more individuals, partnerships, corporations, or other forms of business organization Engaged in numerous business transactions over period of time Partners share profits and management of business

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  • Chapter 20: Forms of Business OrganizationChapter 20: Forms of Business Organization

    Major Forms of Business Organizations Sole Proprietorship General Partnership Limited Partnership Corporation

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  • Chapter 19: Agency and Liability to Third PartiesChapter 19: Agency and Liability to Third Parties

    Introduction to Agency Law Agency: Relationship between principal and agent Agent: One authorized to act for/on behalf of principal Principal: One who hires agent to represent him/her Fiduciary: One with duty to act primarily for another person’s benefit

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  • Chapter 18: Secured Transactions and BankruptcyChapter 18: Secured Transactions and Bankruptcy

    Secured Transactions: Definitions Secured Interest: Interest in personal property/fixtures which secures payment/performance of obligation Secured Party: Person/party that holds interest in secured property Debtor: Person/party that has obligation to secured party Security Agreement: Agreement in which debtor gives secured interest to secur...

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  • Chapter 17: Holder in Due Course, Liability, and DefensesChapter 17: Holder in Due Course, Liability, and Defenses

    Holder in Due Course Doctrine Provides incentive for financial intermediaries to engage in transactions, because they receive greater legal protection by virtue of “holder in due course” status Requirements for “Holder In Due Course” Status Be holder of complete and authentic negotiable instrument Take instrument for value Take instrument in g...

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  • Chapter 16: Negotiable Instruments: Negotiability and TransferabilityChapter 16: Negotiable Instruments: Negotiability and Transferability

    Negotiable Instrument Definition: Substitute for cash; written document, containing signature of creator, that makes unconditional promise or order to pay sum certain in money, either on demand or at a definite time

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