Bài giảng Business Driven Information Systems - Chapter one: Management information systems business driven mis

CHAPTER ONE OVERVIEW SECTION 1.1 – BUSINESS DRIVEN MIS Competing in the Information Age The Challenge: Departmental Companies The Solution: Management Information Systems SECTION 1.2 – BUSINESS STRATEGY Identifying Competitive Advantages The Five Forces Model – Evaluating Industry Attractiveness The Three Generic Strategies – Choosing a Business Focus Value Chain Analysis – Executing Business Strategies

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CHAPTER ONEMANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS BUSINESS DRIVEN MISCHAPTER ONE OVERVIEWSECTION 1.1 – BUSINESS DRIVEN MISCompeting in the Information AgeThe Challenge: Departmental CompaniesThe Solution: Management Information SystemsSECTION 1.2 – BUSINESS STRATEGYIdentifying Competitive AdvantagesThe Five Forces Model – Evaluating Industry AttractivenessThe Three Generic Strategies – Choosing a Business FocusValue Chain Analysis – Executing Business StrategiesSECTION 1.1BUSINESS DRIVEN MISLEARNING OUTCOMESDescribe the information age and the differences between data, information, business intelligence, and knowledgeIdentify the different departments in a company and why they must work together to achieve successExplain systems thinking and how management information systems enable business communicationsCOMPETING IN THE INFORMATION AGEDid you know . . .Avatar, the movie, took over 4 yrs to make and cost $450 millionLady Gaga’s real name is Joanne Angelina GermanottaIt costs $2.6 million for a 30-second advertising time slot during the Super BowlCOMPETING IN THE INFORMATION AGEFact - The confirmation or validation of an event or objectInformation age - The present time, during which infinite quantities of facts are widely available to anyone who can use a computerCOMPETING IN THE INFORMATION AGEExamples of the power of business and technologyAmazon – Not a technology company; primary business focus is selling booksNetflix – Not a technology company; primary business focus is renting videosZappos – Not a technology company; primary business focus is selling shoesCOMPETING IN THE INFORMATION AGEThe core drivers of the information ageDataInformationBusiness intelligenceKnowledgeDataData - Raw facts that describe the characteristics of an event or objectInformationInformation - Data converted into a meaningful and useful contextBusiness IntelligenceBusiness intelligence - Information collected from multiple sources such as suppliers, customers, competitors, partners, and industries that analyzes patterns, trends, and relationships for strategic decision makingKnowledgeKnowledge - Skills, experience, and expertise coupled with information and intelligence that creates a person’s intellectual resourcesKnowledge worker – Individual valued for their ability to interpret and analyze informationTHE CHALLENGE: DEPARTMENTAL COMPANIESCommon Departments Working IndependentlyCommon Departments Working InterdependentlyTHE SOLUTION: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMSTHE SOLUTION: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMSTHE SOLUTION: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMSTHE SOLUTION: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMSSystems thinking – A way of monitoring the entire system by viewing multiple inputs being processed or transformed to produce outputs while continuously gathering feedback on each part THE SOLUTION: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMSManagement Information Systems (MIS) – A business function, like accounting and human resources, which moves information about people, products, and processes across the company to facilitate decision-making and problem-solvingMIS Department Roles and ResponsibilitiesChief information officer (CIO) – Oversees all uses of IT and ensures the strategic alignment of IT with business goals and objectivesChief knowledge officer (CKO) - Responsible for collecting, maintaining, and distributing the organization’s knowledgeChief privacy officer (CPO) – Responsible for ensuring the ethical and legal use of information MIS Department Roles and ResponsibilitiesChief security officer (CSO) – Responsible for ensuring the security of IT systemsChief technology officer (CTO) – Responsible for ensuring the throughput, speed, accuracy, availability, and reliability of ITSECTION 1.2BUSINESS STRATEGYLEARNING OUTCOMESExplain why competitive advantages are temporaryDescribe Porter’s Five Forces Model and explain each of the five forcesCompare Porter’s three generic strategiesDemonstrate how a company can add value by using Porter’s value chain analysisIDENTIFYING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGESBusiness strategy – A leadership plan that achieves a specific set of goals or objectives such asDeveloping new products or servicesEntering new marketsIncreasing customer loyaltyAttracting new customersIncreasing salesIDENTIFYING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGESIDENTIFYING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGESCompetitive advantage – A product or service that an organization’s customers place a greater value on than similar offerings from a competitorFirst-mover advantage – Occurs when an organization can significantly impact its market share by being first to market with a competitive advantageIDENTIFYING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGESCompetitive intelligence – The process of gathering information about the competitive environment to improve the company’s ability to succeedCompetitive intelligence toolsPorter’s Five Forces ModelPorter’s Three Generic StrategiesPorter’s Value Chain AnalysisTHE FIVE FORCES MODEL – EVALUATING INDUSTRY ATTRACTIVENESSPorter’s Five Forces ModelBuyer PowerBuyer power – The ability of buyers to affect the price of an itemSwitching cost – Manipulating costs that make customers reluctant to switch to another productLoyalty program – Rewards customers based on the amount of business they do with a particular organizationSupplier PowerSupplier power – The suppliers’ ability to influence the prices they charge for suppliesSupply chain – Consists of all parties involved in the procurement of a product or raw materialThreat of Substitute Products or ServicesThreat of substitute products or services – High when there are many alternatives to a product or service and low when there are few alternativesThreat of New EntrantsThreat of new entrants – High when it is easy for new competitors to enter a market and low when there are significant entry barriersEntry barrier – A feature of a product or service that customers have come to expect and entering competitors must offer the same for survivalRivalry Among Existing CompetitorsRivalry among existing competitors – High when competition is fierce in a market and low when competitors are more complacentProduct differentiation – Occurs when a company develops unique differences in its products or services with the intent to influence demandAnalyzing the Airline IndustryPerform a Porter’s Five Forces analysis of each of the following for a company entering the commercial airline industryBuyer power Supplier power Threat of substitute products/services Threat of new entrants Rivalry among competitors THE THREE GENERIC STRATEGIES CHOOSING A BUSINESS FOCUSPorter’s Three Generic Strategies THE THREE GENERIC STRATEGIES CHOOSING A BUSINESS FOCUSPorter’s Three Generic Strategies VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS – EXECUTING BUSINESS STRATEGIESBusiness process – A standardized set of activities that accomplish a specific task, such as a specific processValue chain analysis – Views a firm as a series of business processes that each add value to the product or serviceVALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS – EXECUTING BUSINESS STRATEGIESPrimary value activitiesInbound logistics - Acquires raw materials and resources, and distributes Operations - Transforms raw materials or inputs into goods and services Outbound logistics - Distributes goods and services to customersMarketing and sales - Promotes, prices, and sells products to customersService - Provides customer support VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS – EXECUTING BUSINESS STRATEGIESSupport value activitiesFirm infrastructure – Includes the company format or departmental structures, environment, and systemsHuman resource management – Provides employee training, hiring, and compensationTechnology development – Applies MIS to processes to add valueProcurement – Purchases inputs such as raw materials, resources, equipment, and suppliesVALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS – EXECUTING BUSINESS STRATEGIESPorter’s Value ChainVALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS – EXECUTING BUSINESS STRATEGIESValue Chain and Porter’s Five Forces ModelLEARNING OUTCOME REVIEWNow that you have finished the chapter please review the learning outcomes in your text